Table D Specification for bolted flanges for pressure applications.
BSP British Standard Pipe Thread. A thread
form common on pipe fittings.
CFM Cubic Feet per Minute. Imperial measurement
of rate of flow. Usually
applied to airflow.
Closed Cup (CC) Closed Cup (CC) describes
a method used to ascertain the flash point of a liquid.
Design Pressure The pressure used to calculate
the thickness of the shell of the tank. Design Pressure to equal or exceed
the maximum allowable working pressure or equal or exceed the Test Pressure,
depending on which code is applicable.
Filling Ratio Maximum permissible weight
of cargo per unit volume.
Hg Inches of Mercury. Units of measurement
for low pressure (usually
ISO International Standards Organisation.
An advisory body, whose recommendations have been accepted and incorporated
into the official technical standards of many countries in the area of
the transportable container. The aim of the organisation is to achieve
a unified approach to cargo container design and handling.
MAWP Maximum allowable working pressure.
NPT National Pipe Thread. The thread form
for pipe fittings used in the USA.
ØorPh Phase. Applied to electrical
PCD Pitch Circle Diameter. Diameter of circle
upon which bolt holes are placed on flanges etc.
Plate Valves A valve consisting of a plug
which is moved in and out of its seating by
an operating mechanism. Most foot valves are plate.
TIR / Custom seals The term TIR is commonly
used to denote the approved customs sealing on a container.
Tests These are performed every 2.5 years. The depot ensures the
tank is repaired and made ready for the test. Then a competent authority
who are certified to do the test (BV, DNV, ABS, etc.) are instucted to
perform it. In the 2.5 year test the tank is filled with air, and checked
to see it is completely airtight. Whereas the 5 year periodic test (A
Hydrostatic Test) which has to be performed every 5 years, the tank is
filled with water and checked for leaks. Hazardous cargoes may only be
transported in tank containers which have a valid Test certificate.
Psi (Ib/in) Pounds force per square inch
SG Specific Gravity
The relative weight or density of a solid or fluid expressed by the ratio
of its weight to that of an equal volume of a substance taken as a standard,
water in the case of liquids and solids, air for gases. e.g. Water = 1.Other
examples –Whisky = 0.90, Turpentine = 0.86, Kerosene = 0.80, Fruit
Juice = 1.34, Phosphoric Acid = 1.8 – 1.9, Bromine Trifluoride =
2.49, Aviation Fuel = 0.63 – 0.79. The higher the SG, the smaller
the tank will be, all things being equal.
Total Containment PressureThe sum of the
internal pressure to which a tank container is subjected in normal service.
The total pressure may not be greater
than the Maximum Allowable Working Pressure of the tank.
Vapour Pressure The development pressure
within a closed vessel containing a liquid. Each liquid has its own vapour
pressure which varies with temperature.
Ullage area Free space within the tank after
cargo has been loaded. The fill
ranges between a minimum 80% and a maximum of 95% (97% on some chemicals)
Actual filling ratio must never be less than 80% for tanks not partitioned
in compartments of less than 7,500 litres.
Walkway This runs the length of the tank,
allowing safe access to all the
components on the top of the tank. Generally made from non-skid /
marine aluminium, and about 3mm thick.